Identification of novel quantitative trait loci associated with brown planthopper resistance in the rice landrace Salkathi
Sangram Keshori Mohanty,Rudraksh Shovan Panda,Soubhagya Laxmi Mohapatra,Arundhati Nanda,Lambodar Behera,Mayabini Jena,Rabindra Kumar Sahu,Sarat Chandra Sahu,Trilochan Mohapatra
Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, Odisha 753006,India
Abstract: The brown planthopper (BPH) is a potent pest of rice in Asia and Southeast Asia. Host resistance has been found to be the most suitable alternative to manage the insect. But varietal resistance has been found to be short-lived. There has been a constant search for alternate resistance genes. We developed an F8 recombinant inbred population for the BPH resistance gene in Salkathi, an indica landrace from Odisha, India. Phenotyping of RILs against the BPH population at Cuttack, Odisha showed continuous skewed variation with four peaks at 2.1-3.0, 4.1-5.0, 6.1-7.0 and 8.1-9.0 SES score, suggesting the involvement of quantitative loci for resistance to BPH in Salkathi. Mapping showed the presence of two QTLs on the short arm of chromosome 4. One QTL, with phenotype variance of 37.02% is located between the markers RM551 and RM335. The other QTL, with phenotype variance of 7.1% is located between markers RM335 and RM5633. The two QTLs have been designated as qBph4.3 and qBph4.4. QBph4.3 seems to be a novel QTL associated with BPH resistance. We have successfully transferred qBph4.3 and qBph4.4 into two elite rice cultivars, Pusa 44 and Samba Mahsuri. Fine mapping of the identified QTLs may lead to a successful transfer of QTLs into other elite germplasm backgrounds.
Keywords: Brown planthopper;Oryza sativa;QTL- SSR- RIL